How To Order The Coffee You Want To Drink

These days ordering coffee might seem more difficult than it once was.

Although this might seem this way, we've just been given more variety and have an abundance of choices to enhance our coffee consumption experience.

Our friends at Double Espresso have created a cheat sheet to ten of the most common coffee terms to help you order the coffee you want to drink.

Espresso

Let's start with the basics. Espresso is a coffee drink made by forcing hot, pressurized water through finely ground coffee beans. This creates a very concentrated drink, often with a layer of caramel-colored foam on top. Espresso, however, is not a type of coffee bean or roast; while espresso is commonly made with darker roasts, it can be made with any type of coffee beans. It is a black coffee that doesn't contain milk. Basically a Latte minus the milk.

Espresso + Hot water= Long Black

Also known as an Americano, this beverage consists of two shots of espresso with hot water. This beverage comes served in the same vessel as your cappuccino, sometimes in a tulip cup which is approximately 180ml.

Ristretto

This literally means "restricted espresso". It is essentially a "short" shot, even more concentrated than a normal espresso. Many coffee aficionados believe that this to be perfect espresso.

Latte

A latte is made by pouring milk into the espresso. First the espresso is poured into the coffee cup, and then warm milk is added until the cup is full.

Macchiato

If you are looking for a coffee drink with much less milk, you can opt for the macchiato. This is an espresso with a little bit of steamed milk - in Italian, "macchiato" means "marked," so it's an espresso marked with milk. This is good if you want the intensity of the espresso flavour, but cut just a little bit with the soft feel of milk.

Cappuccino

A cappuccino is in between a macchiato and a latte. It is made by pouring espresso into the coffee cup, which is then filled with steamed milk and foam. Served in a cup and topped with some yummy chocolate powder.

Pour Over

Pour over is exactly what it sounds like: the coffee is made by pouring hot water over grounds. There are several methods for making pour over coffee - like a Chemex or the Hario V60 ceramic coffee dripper which you may have seen at some coffee shops. The grounds are placed in a filter in a pour over cone, and hot water is slowly poured over them. It is a simple and clean way that brings out the coffee's flavour in a very distinct way.

Find out how Pour Over coffee is made thanks to the Collingwood coffee institution Proud Mary.

Single Origin

A single origin coffee is a coffee that comes from a single place. But this phrase can be used broadly, with some brands using it to define coffee that comes from a single farm, and other defining coffee that comes from a group of farms in the same area. Some roasters focus on a single section of a single farm. Want to know more about where your coffee came from? That's what your barista is there for. Just ask!

Blend

At specialty coffee shops, especially places that roast their own coffee, you may have a choice of what type of coffee you would like to drink. A blend is exactly what it sounds like: a mixture of two or more coffee varieties. Roasters will make these blends depending on how the beans will be made. A blend intended for espresso may be darker than a blend intended for a pour over, for example.

Are there any other coffee terms that you're confused by?